How to filter and map an array at the same time in JavaScript

Other languages have an explicit method that both filters and maps, such as Rust’s filter_map. In JavaScript, we have historically used reduce to filter and map in one iteration. But now, we have another (better) choice thanks to flatMap!

Usage of flatMap

const users = [
  { name: 'John', age: 25 },
  { name: 'Jane', age: 30 },
  { name: 'Bob', age: 20 },
  { name: 'Alice', age: 40 },

const over30UserNames = users.flatMap((user) => {
  if (user.age >= 30) {
  return []

If you are using TypeScript, over30UserNames is correctly inferred to be an array of strings (string[]).

Implementing this using reduce, we can see it requires slightly more syntax and a type annotation:

const over30UserNamesReduce = users.reduce((acc, user) => {
  if (user.age >= 30) {
    return [...acc,]
  return acc
}, [] as string[])


Next time you find yourself chaining filter and map, consider using flatMap instead. It’s more performant than chaining two methods and allows TypeScript to infer the return type of the callback function, which is not the case with reduce.